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Sorry but it’s not true what u are saying about transgender people…Every Transgender person have a personal different experience during the hormonal treatments it is not the same experience for everyone. And it is just a common myth that taking testosterone for transition will make trans men uncontrollably angry and volatile, or cause “roid raige”. Your emotions don’t change that much taking testosterone.
Who tell you these studies are more valid than Gina Rippons’ studies??
I can understand wanting to say that biology is not destiny, but it’s equally harmful to ignore the fact that there are biological differences between men and women. To pretend otherwise harms both men and women (think drug testing only in men, ignoring symptom differences for diseases, even marching in the military can harm women because they are generally shorter than the male standard).
If the author were to take even one injection of testosterone she would understand that at least for any given individual, being testosterone-based vs. estrogen-based comes with concrete differences. Any transgender person who has used hormone therapy can tell you that. At a minimum, sex drives and the way we experience orgasms differ depending on which hormone is dominant. The ability to cry and experience emotions is different. I’m speaking from personal experience. Any transgender man can tell you that it is physically much more difficult to cry when on testosterone than estrogen, and transgender women start crying more freely when on estrogen. I found amusement parks significantly less thrilling after being on testosterone.
This would have been a much more interesting book if the author had actually listened to transgender people and included a chapter on us instead of ignoring our experiences and further more attempting to say that if we merely had less rigid gender roles that transgender people wouldn’t need to transition or change our bodies. The author writes, “Debunking the myth of the male brain or the female brain should have implications for the transgender community which will hopefully be seen as positive,” i.e., transgender people won’t need to exist because we won’t have any gendered expectations.
Attempting to theorize away the existence of transgender people, in reality, does nothing to help transgender people, most of whom experience devastating cognitive dissonance from having a body that does not match their brain’s expectations of their body. This book will do nothing to alleviate the 41% attempted suicide rate just because the author paternalistically (maternalistically?) thinks she knows what’s best for people whose direct experience she willfully ignores. (Negative bonus points for the author erroneously saying that life-saving, widely-accepted-among-experts-in-the-field puberty suppression for transgender adolescents is “controversial” and painting the fact that more parents are supporting their transgender children and more transgender adults accessing care as being dangerous epidemics.)
At a minimum, our brains have a detailed map of our body, and that includes sex characteristics (see the work of V.S. Ramachandran.) People don’t just willy-nilly undergo genital reassignment surgery as a cosmetic procedure. Would the author physically transition and live as a man for the rest of her life if we paid her five million dollars? Why is this not a reality show already? Because, apparently, the brain has a sex that no amount of nurture (or money) can overcome. We don’t need men and women to be biologically equivalent in order for society to be equal, so let’s focus on science that honors differences instead of eliding them.
Male brains are larger than female brains.
There are many other differences
Brain Differences Between Genders | Psychology Today
27 Feb 2014 … Researchers have discovered almost 100 major differences between male and female brains.
It’s very very disappointing that Undark should publish this story as if it is the prevailing view of brain differences.
sadly everything she writes is biased .
you can clearly see 1 zero references 2 always taking the opposing side.
This is an interview. Citations are in her published work.
“THERE’S NO such thing as the “male” and “female” brain, according to psychologist Gina Rippon, in her new book,”
Brain size – Wikipedia
The size of the brain is a frequent topic of study within the fields of anatomy and evolution. Brain … in women about 1200 g. The volume is around 1260 cm3 in men and 1130 cm3 in women, although there is substantial individual variation
So the bigger brain is likely to be male- the first sentence is wrong.
Being able to contextualize and see the bigger picture is crutial in science. Here is how science works.
Let’s imagine this scenario: We are measuring the effect of our independent variable A (gender) on our dependent variable B (brain size). We find a correlation: A relates to B. Eureka! Brain size depends on gender! Well… We need to watch out for any confounding effects. And here comes into play the bigger picture. It could also be that a third variable C (confound) is having an effect on the dependent variable B. That is, it could also be that A is related to B only through C and we if we take C into consideration, the correlation between A and B disappears. This is exactly what happens here in our example of brain size. The brain size is directly proportionate to the size of the body. The size of the body (our confound) and not gender is the variable that really explains variable B (brain size). And it is also the source of the substantial individual variation that you mention. To wrap up, if we see a brain of about 1260 cm3 (as opposed to 1130 cm3) the correct assumption would be: This brain belongs to a person with a bigger body size. And from there another step would be hypothesizing: Ok, is it more probable for a man or a woman to have a bigger body size?
Finally, we could conclude that gender is related to body size, but there might be a confound variable there as well.